Characteristics of Wood Species (Features / Benefits)
Eastern White Pine
- Least resinous of all pines
- Few instances of “bleeding” logs
- Stable. White Pine doesn’t shrink or swell significantly with changes in moisture.
- Less settling to contend with in log walls
- Plentiful. Is a major species for reforestation.
- Renewable resource
- Lower cost for log package
- One of the most used wood species in the log home industry.
- Time tested and proven
- One of the highest R-values of all wood species.
- Superior energy efficiency
- Easy to work and mill.
- Results in a precisely milled, excellent fitting product
- Moderately light in weight.
- Easier to handle without the use of heavy equipment
- Medium strength.
- Especially suited for strong log walls
- Warps and checks less than other species.
- Fewer construction concerns and more aesthetically pleasing walls
- Dependable over time
- Moderately resistant to rot and insects.
- Properly maintained, will last a lifetime
- Uses include wall logs, log sidings, support posts, blocking, porch posts, porch plates, porch rafters, railings, and trim.
Honest Abe’s first packages were manufactured with Yellow Poplar logs. Poplar was readily available and was traditionally utilized by the early settlers in eastern Appalachia. Needing a market for poplar logs, log homes seemed a perfect fit. However, the poplar was difficult to work, checked excessively, and was hard to get in longer lengths. Other wood species were tried. Yellow pine, still in use today by many companies, twisted and warped. Hemlock, another species, was difficult to mill and was bad to splinter. Eastern White Pine proved to be the wood with the most favorable characteristics and has been used exclusively since.
- Most plentiful of all North American softwood species.
- Abundance equals affordability
- Naturally dimensionally stable. Has the ability to season well in position.
- Virtually eliminates twisting of timbers
- Superior strength to weight ratio.
- Ideally suited for structural beams
- Excellent nail and plate holding capacity.
- Necessary in rafter design
- High degree of resistance to deflection.
- Important in the design of floor and roof systems
- Documented superior performance against natural forces such as winds, storms and earthquakes.
- Peace of mind in potentially dangerous situations
- Has tight knots and is close-grained.
- Knots less likely to loosen or fall out
- Moderate durability.
- Rugged, withstands abuse
- Natural beauty.
- Reddish tint provides pleasing contrast to pine within the structure
- Uses include heavy timber rafters, collar ties, wall-tie trusses, ceiling beams, girders and timber frame components.